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Antalya, 15 November 2015

 

The BRICS Leaders met on the margins of the G20 Summit in Antalya on 15 November 2015.


The Leaders strongly condemned the abhorrent terror attacks in Paris. They expressed their condolences to the families of the victims and extended their wishes for the speedy recovery of those injured. They reaffirmed their support for the people and government of France and the efforts to bring the perpetrators to justice. The Leaders recommitted to strengthen cooperation among BRICS countries and with other nations in the fight against terrorism.

The Leaders commended Russia for the hosting of a successful Seventh BRICS Summit, contributing further to the enhanced intra-BRICS cooperation and appreciated the good pace of the implementation of the Ufa Action Plan. 

The Leaders underlined the importance of strengthening BRICS strategic partnership guided by the principles of openness, solidarity, equality, mutual understanding, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation.

The Leaders welcomed the substantive progress made this year in advancing intra-BRICS cooperation. The New Development Bank (NDB) is starting its operating activities and is expected to launch its inaugural projects in the beginning of 2016. The NDB will enhance cooperation with existing and new financing institutions  including Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. Furthermore, the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) has been established and will  contribute to the stability of the international financial system in view of the increased volatility of the world financial and economic situation.

The Leaders instructed relevant agencies of BRICS countries to engage actively in the implementation of the Strategy for the BRICS Economic Partnership adopted at the Ufa Summit as well as in preparing a draft BRICS Roadmap for Trade, Economic and Investment Cooperation until 2020.

The Leaders exchanged views on the main topics on the G20 Summit agenda and agreed to pursue issues of mutual interest to the BRICS countries. 

The Leaders agreed that the global economy was still at risk and its recovery was not yet sustainable, which underlines the importance of strengthening macroeconomic policy coordination and cooperation among G20 members to avoid negative spillovers and to achieve strong, sustainable and balanced growth. The Leaders agreed that based on the progress already made, all G20 members need to focus on the implementation of their respective national growth strategies. They stressed their determination to continue to work together with other G20 members to make continuous contributions to a more rapid, sustainable recovery of the global economy and towards the reduction of potential risks. 

The Leaders noted that geopolitical challenges, including the politicization of economic relations and the introduction of unilateral economic sanctions, continue to beset future prospects for economic growth. They urged the need to ensure that trade and economic blocs are consistent with WTO norms and principles and contribute to strengthening the multilateral trading system. They decided to strive to facilitate market inter-linkages and an inclusive, rules-based and open world economy.

The Leaders agreed to continue the exchange and the coordination of positions among the BRICS countries on the G20 agenda to better accommodate interests of emerging market economies and developing countries.  In this context, they welcomed the first meeting of the BRICS Working Group on Anti-Corruption on 1 November 2015, which would also contribute to the work of relevant multilateral fora including the G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG).

The Leaders expressed their deep disappointment at the lack of progress in modernizing international financial institutions, especially on the agreements on the reform of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They urged the IMF – in cooperation with its membership – to step up efforts in collaboration with the G20 to find such solutions that would ultimately make it possible to increase the institution’s quota resources and review the distribution of quotas and votes in favour of developing countries and emerging market economies. The adoption of the 2010 IMF reforms remains the highest priority for safeguarding the credibility, legitimacy and effectiveness of the IMF and the Leaders urge the United States to ratify these reforms as soon as possible.

The Leaders welcomed the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable  Development at the United Nations Summit held in September 2015 as well as the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and acknowledged the coordination and cooperation efforts made by the BRICS countries. They expressed their commitment to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable  Development including through strengthening cooperation among BRICS countries in this process and decided to work towards the improvement of the international development cooperation architecture.

The Leaders look forward to a successful outcome at COP 21 in Paris in December, and affirm their determination to adopt in the Paris Conference a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the UNFCCC that is applicable to all Parties. The Paris agreement should be fair, balanced, durable and comprehensive, reflecting the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in light of different national circumstances.
The Leaders declared their readiness to support China in its upcoming G20 Presidency with a view to enhancing the leading role of the forum in meeting global financial and economic challenges. They encourage G20 members to strengthen macroeconomic cooperation, catalyze innovation, boost trade and investment, lead by example on global development cooperation.

 Moscow, 23 October 2015

The Parties acknowledged that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have become a key factor for sustainable economic and social growth and development. ICTs are of increasing importance in governance, business and social activities and their impact will increase in the future. There is a common agreement on the importance of ICTs as essential tools for the growth and advancement of developing countries. Expansion of cooperation in the field of ICTs should therefore ensure universal access and be based on an understanding of the needs of government, business and society. Universal access is not qualified merely by quantitative access to the Internet, but embraces appropriate access to ICTs and media that government, business and society can use in moving from an information society towards a knowledge society. Taking into account the importance of broadband access for society, the economy and government, the Parties consider facilitating the implementation and use of high-speed (broadband) access to the Internet as an important part of BRICS ICTs strategies. 

The Parties have noted the existing imbalance in the development and distribution of software and IT equipment and find it necessary to ensure joint efforts towards the diversification of the world market of software and IT equipment.

Noting the aspiration of BRICS countries in the field of ICT design and manufacturing, the Parties agreed to use their complementary strengths in these areas and resolved to work together to share best practices, skills and promote investment in these areas to achieve these goals. The Parties confirmed that universal and accessible Internet remains a priority for all of the BRICS countries in order to ensure social and economic development.

The Parties also consider it necessary to promote measures and facilitate favorable conditions for ensuring the progressive development of ICTs. These measures and conditions include factors such as the equitable use of security measures relating to the continuity and stability of the use of ICTs in all spheres of life and production. The Parties also note the need to strengthen international cooperation by sharing the opportunities and outcomes in the field of the Internet development with a particular focus on developing countries so that these countries can bridge the digital divide.

Noting that the Internet can be an important tool for the development and for the exercise of human rights, the Parties further confirmed the right of all States to establish and implement policies for information and communication networks in their territories in accordance with their respective history, culture, religion and social factors. Other States should understand and respect this right to self- determination.

Considering the necessity to ensure the secure, stable and continued operation and use of ICTs, including Internet, the Parties note the importance of the establishment of mechanism for the Internet governance based on the principles of multilateralism, democracy, transparency and mutual trust and involving relevant stakeholders in their respective roles and responsibilities.

This will in turn promote universal access to the Internet for everybody, participation of States in governing the Internet infrastructure, the sovereign rights of States to participate in governing the Internet in their respective jurisdictions in accordance with international law and the adherence to fundamental human rights and freedoms. The Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Communications of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People`s Republic of China, the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services of the Republic of South Africa therefore commit to the building of appropriate capacity for cooperation and interaction in the field of ICTs, to hold annual meetings of the BRICS Working Group on ICT Cooperation to further strengthen cooperation in the areas of ICTs, including Internet.

The BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs held their regular meeting on September 29, 2015, in New York on the margins of this annual session of the United Nations General Assembly which marks the 70th Anniversary of the founding of the United Nations and the end of the Second World War.

The Ministers paid tribute to all those who fought against fascism and militarism and for freedom of nations.

The BRICS Ministers reiterated their intention to contribute to safeguarding a fair and equitable international order based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, as stated in the Ufa Summit declaration. They recalled 2005 World Summit Outcome Document. They reaffirmed the need for a comprehensive reform of the United Nations including its Security Council with a view to making it more representative and efficient.

The Ministers discussed the current state of global economy and finances. They recognize the significant contribution of BRICS to the global economy and express full confidence in their economic prospects. They also highlighted the importance of decisive and effective actions to accelerate global growth. They reiterated the urgency of unblocking the IMF reform as a measure to reform global economic governance consistent with the interests and needs of the developing countries.

The Ministers stressed the importance of closer economic, financial and trade cooperation, particularly through policy coordination, timely implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, and the full functioning of the New Development Bank and its African Regional Centre.

The Ministers expressed their full support for a successful outcome at the COP21 later this year. They called for a comprehensive, balanced and equitable agreement with legal force for the post-2020 period that is in conformity with the principles and provisions of UNFCCC to be attained in an open, transparent, inclusive negotiating process.

The Ministers expressed their concern over continued conflicts in various regions which undermine stability and security and provide fertile grounds for terrorist activities and cause migration waves.

They noted that terrorist activities of the extremist organizations which control large parts of territory of the Republic of Iraq and the Syrian Arab Republic pose a direct threat not only to all the countries of the Middle East, but to the whole international community.

The Ministers reiterated their strong condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and expressed their conviction that a comprehensive approach was necessary to ensure an effective fight against terrorism.

The Ministers urged concerted efforts to counter terrorism on a firm international legal basis, under the UN auspices.

The Ministers stressed the need to continue support to the process of political settlement of the conflict in Syria on the basis of the Geneva communique of June 30, 2012.

The Ministers welcomed the efforts to resolve conflicts in Africa led by Africa. They believe that the African Stand-by Force and the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises that are being operationalized in the framework of the African Peace and Security Architecture have a significant potential in the maintenance of peace and stability on the African continent.

The Ministers reiterated their deep concern about the situation in Ukraine. They emphasized that there is no military solution to the conflict and that the only way to reconciliation is through inclusive political dialogue. The Ministers called on all parties to comply with all provisions of the Minsk Agreements adopted in February 2015. They urged the parties to observe the achieved ceasefire and make it sustainable.

The Parties discussed the possibilities for the mutual support of each other's initiatives at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly.

The Ministers commended Russia for hosting the VII BRICS Summit in Ufa and expressed their satisfaction with the progress achieved in the implementation of the Ufa Action Plan.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of India informed the partners of the preparations for the VIII BRICS Summit.

Brisbane, November 15, 2014

The BRICS Leaders met on 15 November 2014 on the occasion of the G20 Summit in Brisbane.

The Leaders commended Brazil for the successful Sixth BRICS Summit and noted progress in the implementation of the Fortaleza Action Plan.

They underscored that the signing of the agreements establishing the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) brought BRICS cooperation to a fundamentally new level with the creation of instruments to contribute to the stability of the international financial system. They expressed their commitment towards the expeditious ratification of both instruments.

The Leaders were informed about the progress in implementation of the Work Plan for the establishment of the NDB. They asked their Finance Ministers to designate the President and the Vice-Presidents of the NDB well in advance of the next BRICS Summit in Russia. The Leaders also announced the setting up of an Interim Board of Directors that will lead the next phase establishing the NDB.

The Leaders asked their Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to ensure that, by the next BRICS Summit, the CRA Working Group concludes the procedural rules and operational guidelines of the Governing Council and the Standing Committee of the CRA. They also asked their Central Bank Governors to ensure that the Inter-Central Bank Agreement foreseen in the CRA be concluded by the Summit in Russia.

The Leaders exchanged views and shared their perspectives on the main issues on the G20 Summit agenda as well as the expected outcomes, including measures to promote growth and job creation; investment and infrastructure; trade; strengthening of the financial system and cooperation on tax matters; and energy issues. They reaffirmed their willingness to work with other G20 members for a successful Summit in Brisbane.

As to the world economy, six years after the beginning of the international financial crisis, the Leaders noted that a strong and long-lasting recovery is yet to materialize. Emerging market economies have been contributing to global economic activity by sustaining high growth rates, despite adverse circumstances and spill-overs from policies of major advanced economies, especially monetary policies. The Leaders noted the G20 efforts, but underscored that more needs to be done to support global demand in the short-run, especially by advanced economies, and to promote an increase in investment and long-run growth potential. They underscored that investment and economic reforms are critically important to boosting demand and lifting long-term growth. Emerging market economies remain in general well prepared to face external shocks.

The Leaders also reaffirmed their disappointment and serious concern at the non-implementation of the 2010 IMF reforms, and its impact on the Fund´s legitimacy and credibility. Undue delays in ratifying the 2010 agreement are in contradiction with joint commitments by the G20 Leaders since 2009. In the event that the United States fails to ratify the 2010 reforms by the year-end, they called on the G20 to schedule a discussion of the options for next steps that the IMF has committed to present in January 2015. They also emphasized the need to continue the IMF reform processes.

Deeply concerned with the Ebola epidemic and its severe economic and social impact, the Leaders expressed their commitment to work with the international community in the response to this epidemic and supported efforts made by the United Nations and its agencies, including the World Health Organization, as well as other institutions.

As agreed at the Fortaleza Summit, the Leaders reaffirmed their commitment to reinforce full-fledged intra-BRICS cooperation, in the spirit of openness and inclusiveness particularly in the economic and financial domains and look forward to the formulation of a long-term economic cooperation framework to forge closer BRICS partnership.